Answered By: Narelle Pilgrim
Last Updated: 18 Jan, 2018     Views: 4

A PowerPoint presentation can be included in your Reference list with certain restrictions.

Treat PowerPoints like published lecture notes. Lecture notes are considered “published” if they are printed and distributed on the web with the lecturer’s permission.

If they are “unpublished” you need to treat them like a personal communication – they may be citied in text, but not included in your Reference list

In APA, when citing online lecture notes, be sure to provide the file format in brackets after the lecture title (e.g. PowerPoint slides, Word document). For example:

Merchant, K. F. (2015). Lecture 6 : Grandparents raising grandchildren [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from

Further information can be found at 
..and of course specialised referencing help and advice is always available from your local Librarian

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